The oldest published book is Diamond Sutra, which was published in China on May 11, 868. In 1041, writing using clay with moving parts was first performed in China.
Johannes Guttenberg, who lived in the mining town of Mainz in the 1430s, was working on his invention that would change the world of print. Guttenberg invented the printing press in 1436 and the printing press in 1440.
Printing in Europe
The printing press, which started to be used in Europe in the fourteenth century, was mostly preferred for printing religious paintings. At the beginning of the 15th century, one or two pages of booklets were published.
The invention of Johannes Guttenberg
Guttenberg further developed previously known printing techniques. He prepared letters and characters one by one. First, he prepared the brass and bronze patterns of the characters. He poured a bullet around the molds to produce a matrix, and poured a mixture of lead tin and antimony on it to obtain characters. He developed the printing machine, which consisted of a fixed floor at the bottom and a vertical lid moving on the upper arm.
The mold to be printed was marked on the metal frame on the floor, inked and paper was placed on it. Then the cover was pressed onto the paper with the help of the roller and printing was performed.
In 1475, Peter Schöfer realized the printing with steel molds instead of metal molds. This ensures that the rows can be sorted correctly. It also made the printing machine floor movable, facilitating paper switching, inking and printing.
Development of Printing House
The printing press changed over time and in 1790, the British William Nicholson started using the leather-covered roller. In 1795 Samuel Rust of the United States built a printing machine made entirely of steel. In 1811, Andreas Bauer took the first step towards the development of the rotary printing system. At the end of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, there were great developments in printing machines and printing techniques, and new printing techniques were developed by abandoning the letterpress printing system. Nowadays, computerized typesetting machines are used which use very fast optical methods.